3 edition of Anti-chain-store tax legislation. found in the catalog.
Anti-chain-store tax legislation.
Maurice W. Lee
|Series||Studies in business administration -- v. 9, no. 4, The Journal of business -- v. 12, no. 3, pt. 2|
|LC Classifications||HF5468 L43|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ix, 80 p.|
|Number of Pages||80|
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Anti-chain-store tax legislation. [Maurice Wentworth Lee] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Search. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Book: All Authors / Contributors: Maurice Wentworth Lee. Find more information about: OCLC Number: Description: ix, 80 pages diagrams 24 cm.
ANTI-CHAIN STORE LEGISLATION While the chain stores in operation today are of comparatively recent development,3 the system of having a number of distributive units under a single management is a very ancient one.4 Indeed, Judge Terrel said in Louis K.
Liggett Co. A chain store or retail chain is a retail outlet in which several locations share a brand, central management, and standardized business have come to dominate the retail and dining markets, and many service categories, in many parts of the world.
A franchise retail establishment is one form of chain store. Inthe world's largest retail chain, Walmart, became the world's. Anti-Chain-Store Tax Legislation by Maurice W. Lee Anti-Chain-Store Tax Legislation by Maurice W. Lee (pp. ) DOI: / Table of contents for Journal of Marketing, 5, 3, Access to society journal content varies across our titles.
If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. Author of Macroeconomics, Anti-chain-store tax legislation, Economic fluctuations, Toward economic stability, Economic fluctuations: growth and stability, Tax structure of the State of Washington, Understanding the Washington tax system, The arts, the sciences, and undergraduate business education.
The Anti-Chain Store Movement, Localist Ideology, and the Remnants of the Progressive Constitution, Article in Iowa law review 90(3) June with 52 Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: Richard Schragger.
Anti-Chain Store Tax Legislation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Lehman, Christopher P. American Animated Cartoons of the Vietnam Era: A Study of Social Commentary in Films and Television Programs, Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.
Lewis, Adrian R. The abandonment of tax exemption of government securities is asked to permit more equitable income taxation. It is held that American gov-ernments, in general, now lose more in tax collections than they gain in lower interest costs from exemption. The exemptions of the personal income tax are also regarded as too high; and it is proposed to.
The Decline of Black Business. supported anti–chain store legislation as a way to preserve black Americans’ economic self-sufficiency and freedom.
Combined with anti–chain store Author: Martin Longman. Fighting Chains Stores Past and Present. Looking back at the anti-chain store movement of the late s and s provides some remarkable historical parallels and may prove valuable to today’s campaigners.
Their first strategy was to seek federal legislation mandating price maintenance. In Sen. Arthur Capper of Kansas held. San Francisco to chain stores: Get out. the California city famous for liberal activism has enacted the most influential anti-chain legislation in the United States.
The cost of a book or. One of The Wall Street Journal's Best Non fiction Books of From modest beginnings as a tea shop in New York, the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company became the largest retailer in the world. It was a juggernaut, the first retailer to sell $1 billion in goods, the owner of nearly sixteen thousand stores and dozens of factories and warehouses/5.
In the early 20th century, groups like the National Negro Business League, for instance, supported anti-chain-store legislation as a way to preserve. Chain Stores in America, (Classic Reprint) advertising allowances American Retail Federation anti-chain anti-chain-store bill Bohack buying campaign Census Chain Store Age Chain Store Association chain-store system chain-store tax cities committee competition competitors consumer cost course decision declared department store.
state legislation in order to facilitate interstate movement and commerce). 5 See McCurdy, supra note 4, at; Richard C. Schragger, The Anti-Chain Store Movement, Localist Ideology, and the Remnants of the Progressive Constitution, –, 90 Iowa L.
Rev.–35 (). See generally Robert H. Wiebe, The Search for Order. Anti-chain store movements gained traction in the s, but became significantly stronger during the Depression.
InTexas Congressman Wright Patman introduced legislation that would have levied a federal tax on chain stores. If adopted, this legislation likely would have ended A&: Chapter 11 bankruptcy, Liquidation.
Ingram, Paul, and Hayagreeva Rao. "Store Wars: The Enactment and Repeal of Anti‐Chain‐Store Legislation in America." American Journal of Sociology #2 (): – Lebhar, Godfrey Montague, and W. Shaw. Chain stores in America, (Chain Store Publishing Corporation, ). Levinson, Marc. The book mainly looks at FDR's underlings, and, in contradistinction to historians like Although focusing on a well-trodden area of history, Brinkley provides what is perhaps the most readable and interesting overview of the last years of FDR's administration, from to /5.
Though chain-store critics had called the situation a “crisis” for years, it took the real crisis of the Great Depression to get national anti-chain-store legislation. The Robinson-Patman Act of required manufacturers to justify discounts to chain stores in an attempt to limit or eliminate such discounts.
The movement reached its legislative climax between and A bill that would effectively tax chain stores out of existence was introduced in the House by Representative Wright Patman, a folksy Texas cotton-farmer-turned-populist-politician who’d literally ridden a horse six miles to high school (and whose eponymous committee later played a key role in the Watergate scandal that.
By the early s states were beginning to impose taxes on chain stores. Though chain-store critics had called the situation a "crisis" for years, it took the real crisis of the Great Depression to get national anti-chain-store legislation.
Anti-chain store movements gained traction in the s, but became significantly stronger during the Depression. InTexas Congressman Wright Patman introduced legislation that would have levied a federal tax on chain stores. If adopted, this legislation would have likely put A&P out of business.
The Robinson-Patman Act prevents large retailers from purchasing goods in bulk at a greater discount than smaller retailers are able to obtain them.
It helps keep competition fair between large and small businesses and is sometimes called the “Anti-Chain Store Act.”. On a Sunday early this month, anti-chain store firebrand Reverend Billy and the so-called Church of Stop Shopping, a group that advocates for mom-and-pop stores, will kick off its latest event at St.
Practitioners of the modern economic theory of crime acknowledge the influence of the eighteenth century writers Montesquieu, Beccaria, and Bentham, whose theories of crime and punishment clearly Author: Thomas J.
Miceli. While a federal tax on chain stores that he introduced failed to gain momentum, Congress did succumb to the anti-chain hysteria by enacting “fair trade” laws like the Robinson–Patman Act of.
In Jackson (), the Supreme Court upheld an anti–chain store law passed by the Indiana legislature that imposed higher taxes on chain stores, and later upheld a similar Georgia law.
Between andtwenty-two states adopted anti–chain Author: Robert D. Atkinson. rales tax,l the Sarasota Herald declares. Tlorufa already has a gross sales tax enacted by the hut session of the legislature under the guise % of anti-chain store legislation which ;hou!d be mfcrehed against by independent as well as chain chainstore store chainstore merchants.
And. Carl Byoir & Associates was hired on October 1, to repeal or modify the anti-chain store tax laws. Byoir worked to stop the pending chain store tax in the New York State legislature. If the bill passed, there would be a $2 million dollar price tag for A&P and each of the 2, stores in New York would have had to pay $1, under the new bill.
Anti-chain-store legislation was widespread everywhere in the first part of the twentieth century. As big retailers like Woolworth's and its imitators appeared, countries all over the industrialized world, including the United States, introduced measures intended to protect their small competitors.
New Deal programs were financed by tripling federal taxes from $ billion in to $ billion in FDR banned discounting by signing the Anti‐. Anti-Chain Store Legislation, J. Edward Collins. PDF. Anticipatory Obstruction of Justice: Pre-Emptive Document Destruction under the Sarbanes-Oxley Anti-Shredding Statute, 18 U.S.C.
Dana E. Hill. PDF. Anticipatory Repudiation of Contracts, Herbert R. Limburg. PDF. Antidiscrimination Laws & Artistic Expression, Steven H. Shiffrin and. 57 Evaluate and Determine Whether to Accept or Reject a Special Order.
Both manufacturing and service companies often receive requests to fill special orders. These special orders are typically for goods or services at a reduced price and are usually a one-time order that, in the short-run, does not affect normal sales. When deciding whether to accept a special order, management Author: Patty Graybeal, Mitchell Franklin, Dixon Cooper.
Both manufacturing and service companies often receive requests to fill special orders. These special orders are typically for goods or services at a reduced price and are usually a one-time order that, in the short-run, does not affect normal sales.
When deciding whether to accept a special order, management must consider several factors. Bean focuses on anti-chain-store legislation beginning in the s and on the establishment of federal small business agencies in the s and s.
According to Bean, Congress, inspired by the rhetoric of crisis, often misinterpreted or misrepresented the threat posed to small business from large corporations, and as a result, protective Brand: The University of North Carolina Press.
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Hence the anti-chain store legislation of the time. The third component, created largely by Arnold and his team, was a coherent approach to regulating industrial corporations engaged in the art of Author: Washmonthly. Anti-Chain Store Moves Being Made Action May Be Delayed Senate Leaders Expect No Proposals To Come Up This Year--Sharp Debate Anticipated Wall Street Journal Effective moves to have Congress enact anti-chain store legislation at this session are being made by sponsors of price discrimination legislation.
The book discusses the relationship between ethnicity and the establishment of supermarket chains beginning in the late s, yet does not mention the anti-chain store movement that culminated in the Robinson-Patman Act.
Two San Francisco supervisors have proposed legislation to tightly restrict, and in some cases ban, Wal-Mart Supercenters and Super Targets.
The ordinance, introduced by .Florida Laws (Ex. Sess.), chapteris legislation of the type popularly called Anti-Chain Store Laws. The statute provides for the licensing of retail stores by the state, the counties, and the municipalities—a system under which large revenues may be raised.
“First God, then family, then Wal-Mart!”- The Retail Revolution: How Walmart created a brave new world of business () by Professor Nelson Lichtenstein is an interesting book about Walmart, the lagest retailer worldwide. Professor Lichtenstein is a professor of history and director of the Center for the Study of Work, Labor, and Democracy at the University of California- Santa Barbara.